- Sport suspension vs. coilover suspension: Where are the differences?
- Who needs a coilover suspension?
- The advantages and disadvantages: Which coilover suspension is the right one?
- How much does a coilover suspension cost? Costs of installation, registration and parts
- Installation: How to install a coilover suspension
- For which car makes and models are coilovers from BILSTEIN available?
- Conclusion on coilovers
What is a coilover suspension? All you need to know
A coilover suspension (also called a screw suspension) refers to a suspension that allows individual adjustment of the ground clearance. This is done by means of a screw thread on the suspension strut. For this reason, a car with a coilover suspension can also be raised or lowered quickly and without tools by private individuals.
In this article we clarify the following questions:
Sport suspension vs. coilover suspension: Where are the differences?
A coilover suspension is merely a special type of sports suspension. Its special feature is a screw thread with which the lowering can be adjusted quickly and individually by hand.
In addition, with normal sports suspensions, the damping remains unchanged at a preset level. With coilover suspensions, on the other hand, the hardness of the damping, as well as the rebound and compression damping, can be flexibly adjusted to your own taste.
Who needs a coilover suspension?
In addition to flexible lowering, most coilover suspensions also have other adjustment options. In addition to the hardness, the driver can often also adjust the rebound or compression damping.
In this way, coilovers allow optimal adjustment to personal preferences, the vehicle setup, the track and external conditions.
And it is precisely these features that answer whether a coilover suspension is worthwhile for you:
If you want to lower your car and/or if a particularly sporty handling is important to you, then you cannot avoid installing a coilover suspension.
The advantages and disadvantages: Which coilover suspension is the right one?
Most manufacturers of coilovers have divided their products into different performance classes in one way or another. This is a good thing, because not every driver directly needs a racing suspension (e.g. for a simple lowering).
In general, a distinction can be made between these 4 categories and performance levels:
Coilovers with manual lowering
The classic. Thanks to the screw thread, an individual lowering, usually between 20 and 70 mm, can be adjusted by hand.
Suitable for: Tuning beginners and drivers who are looking for individual lowering and sporty handling, but use their vehicle for the most part in everyday situations.
Coilovers with adjustable rebound and compression damping
With adjustable rebound and compression damping, the suspension can be adapted to personal preferences in handling, to special track conditions or also to vehicle characteristics, such as weight or tyre characteristics. This makes it easier for the driver to adapt the suspension to his or her taste.
Suitable for: Performance-oriented drivers and tuning enthusiasts who place great value on sportiness in their vehicles.
High-performance coilovers for club and racing sports
In this category you get racing performance with road approval. In addition to the usually more than 100 different adjustment options for rebound and compression damping, a metal uniball dome bearing with camber adjustment is often included.
Suitable for: Sporty drivers who also use their road vehicle regularly on the racetrack and take part in club sport or trackday events, for example. Road approval is usually given here, so use in public road traffic is not a problem.
Electronically adjustable coilovers
More and more premium vehicles today are equipped with an adaptive suspension system. These systems offer a continuous adjustment of the damper rate to the road conditions. This is done with the help of speed, wheel force and engine control sensors.
At the touch of a button, the driver can usually switch between a sport or comfort setting. This feature is particularly popular with regular track visitors because it allows comfortable travel and an unfiltered racetrack experience to be combined in one car.
How much does a coilover suspension cost? Costs of installation, registration and parts
Since the prices of the various manufacturers and performance levels (see above) vary greatly in some cases, it is not possible to make a clear statement about the exact costs. The costs can also vary from case to case due to installation by a specialist workshop or the respective vehicle model.
Nevertheless, we would like to try to show a rough classification and price range. The following table is based on a complete kit with 4 shock absorbers:
Comfort coilover suspension with manual lowering
Performance coilover suspension with adjustable rebound and compression damping
Club sport and high-performance coilover suspension
Electronically adjustable coilovers
Neben den reinen Produktkosten kommen noch die folgenden Kosten hinzu:
- Installation costs workshop: approx. € 150-250
- Wheel alignment / wheel alignment: approx. € 35-70
- Registration: approx. € 35-50
Please note: These are flat-rate costs that are realistic according to our experience. Depending on the individual case, vehicle and workshop, these prices may of course vary slightly.
Installation: How to install a coilover suspension
A coilover suspension should always be installed by a professional. Theoretically, it is possible to replace the suspension yourself (assuming you have the necessary know-how), but installation by a specialist workshop or an experienced automotive mechatronics engineer is always the safest option.
In addition to a warranty on the installation, as well as correct wheel alignment and registration, you can then be sure to fulfil all requirements according to TÜV guidelines and ABE (general operating permit).
We cannot and do not want to give step-by-step instructions for the installation of a complete suspension system. That would go beyond the scope of this article. However, we have created a detailed installation video with JP Performance that goes into more detail on the various aspects of suspension installation.
Fahrwerkeinbau BILSTEIN B16 mit JP
TÜV, ABE and parts certificates: What you need to bear in mind
The most common form of approval for modifications to vehicles are parts certificates. In addition, there is also the general type approval (ABE) for parts that are particularly easy to fit. In contrast to ABE certificates, modifications that require a parts certificate still have to be approved by an expert.
Before buying a coilover suspension, you should read the relevant parts report. You can usually find this on the websites or online shops of the various manufacturers.
The parts certificate always states the axle loads and drive concepts (all-wheel, front or rear-wheel drive) for which the certificate is valid. You will also find the maximum permitted lowering range.
After the installation of a new suspension, the roadworthiness of the vehicle must be checked by a TÜV or Dekra expert. The expert will use the conditions in the report as a basis. If you want to have modifications to your car approved, you must bring this document with you to the inspection.
Although a vehicle’s operating licence expires immediately after the modification, the car may still be taken to the TÜV or Dekra test centre. If the inspector does not find any defects, he issues a certificate according to §19.3 StVZO. With this certificate, the owner can have his modifications entered in the vehicle documents (document according to §19.4 StVZO) at the registration office.
Adjusting the coilover suspension correctly
By using a shock absorber or suspension with adjustable damping force, it is possible to respond individually to one’s own preferences with regard to driving performance. This means that both comfort-oriented and sporty drivers can find their preferred setting.
Coilovers with parallel adjustment of the rebound and compression damping offer a maximum of individuality through simple damping force adjustment (even when installed).
The basic settings should be made immediately after installation. The sport-oriented rider may feel most comfortable with five clicks on the front and rear axle, while the comfort-oriented rider may prefer the fourth level. By doing some test drives, the right setting can be found gradually.
In the following overview are some rules of thumb for tuning the vibration dampers and springs.
Installation by a BILSTEIN suspension expert
When you order a BILSTEIN coilover suspension in our online shop, we also offer a special service for our private customers: If you have your suspension professionally installed by a BILSTEIN suspension expert, you will receive a two-year extended warranty, a free suspension check and a discount on the installation costs.
For which car makes and models are coilovers from BILSTEIN available?
As an original equipment manufacturer for almost all major vehicle manufacturers and with over 50 years of racing history, the BILSTEIN brand impresses motorsport professionals, tuners and private customers alike.
Among others, we offer our coilovers for the following car brands. With a click on the respective link, you will get a detailed overview of the supported vehicles and models:
Conclusion on coilovers
Coilovers are your best option if you want to lower your vehicle flexibly and adapt it to your situation. If you only want to improve the appearance and achieve a somewhat sportier handling in road traffic, you are also well-equipped with a coilover suspension without rebound and compression damping adjustment. For example, with the BILSTEIN EVO S.
Depending on the product, the costs vary greatly. For a simple coilover suspension with installation and registration in a specialist workshop, you can expect to pay around € 1,000-1,250.
We recommend that the installation is always carried out by a specialist workshop. The suspension is a safety-relevant component of your car, and this is the only way to ensure that you comply with all the important criteria for the TÜV and the operating permit.